Archive for Category: Adjective


(of something that is to one’s advantage) not planned, happening by chance

Example Sentences: Ramayana: The meeting of the monkeys with Sampatti was fortuitous; it brought hope in their stalled search for Sita. Mahabharata: After the Pandavas survived the fire in Varnavarta, they had a fortuitous meeting with some traveling brahmanas, who suggested that they go to Draupadi’s wedding. Bhagavad-gita: Events we consider fortuitous are often God’s


huge; of enormous size, extent or amount

Example Sentences: Ramayana: Apart from Kumbhakarna, Mahakaya and Atikaya were also mammoth demons in Ravana’s army. Mahabharata: Although the mammoth Hidimba towered above Bhima, the Pandava faced him fearlessly. Bhagavad-gita: While Arjuna was astounded by the sight of the mammoth universal form, he was alarmed by the sight of the ghastly Kala-rupa (form of God


expressing unfair or false criticism that is likely to damage someone's reputation

Example Sentences: Ramayana: Sita found the scurrilous attack on Rama’s reputation more painful than Rama’s rejection of her and therefore she accepted Rama’s decision. Mahabharata: No self-respecting warrior would ever tolerate the insult of his wife the way the Pandavas had been forced to tolerate Karna’s scurrilous calling Draupadi a prostitute. Bhagavad-gita: Krishna warned Arjuna


(especially of words or ideas) not well connected or well ordered

Example Sentences: Ramayana: Although fear gripped Maricha’s heart at the mere mention of Rama, he consciously calmed himself before replying to Ravana – a disjointed reply would neither persuade nor please the demon king. Mahabharata: Knowing that Duryodhana’s spies could be anywhere, Vidura gave Yudhishthira a coded message that would sound disjointed to most hearers. 


self-confident and cheerful

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Hanuman as a child was not just jaunty but also naughty – and his naughtiness combined with his phenomenal powers made him disturbingly disruptive for the sages. Mahabharata:  With their jaunty spirit, the young twins Nakula and Sahadeva brought fresh life and cheer to the royal palace of Hastinapura.  Bhagavad-gita:  Humility doesn’t


disrespectful of religious objects or practices

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Vishvamitra wanted to put an end to the profane practices of the demons by which they were contaminating his sacred sacrificial arena. Mahabharata:  When Duryodhana responded to Maitreya’s wise instructions by the profane act of baring and slapping his thigh in front of the sage, he set himself up to be cursed.


obedient or attentive to an obsessive degree

Example Sentences: Ramayana: On seeing how obsequious all the maids were in pandering to Ravana’s every desire, Sita felt sickened. Mahabharata:  When the Pandavas saw how obsequious Purochana was in welcoming them to the palace in Varnavarta, they started suspecting that he was a part of some plot devised by Duryodhana. Bhagavad-gita:  Our devotion is


beginning to come into being or becoming apparent

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  On seeing signs that the incipient rainy season was going to be severely stormy, Rama postponed the plans for searching for Sita till the end of the rainy season. Mahabharata: When Vidura heard from the young Pandavas how Duryodhana had schemed to poison Bhima, he realized that the incipient evil tendencies in


lacking in qualities that interest, stimulate or challenge

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Not one verse of the Ramayana is insipid; every verse has artistic merit and devotional potency, and some are simply overflowing with sweetness. Mahabharata:  Although several sages urged Duryodhana to return the Pandava’s kingdom to them, he found their talks so insipid that he hardly paid any attention to them. Bhagavad-gita:  The


relating to an imagined state where there is great suffering or injustice

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  While Hanuman contemplated his failure to find Sita in Lanka, he envisioned its consequences in the form of a dystopian future wherein his failure would trigger distress, devastation and death in both Kishkinda and Ayodhya. Mahabharata:  During their conversations with Yudhisthira, the forest sages made dystopian predictions about the coming age of