Archive for Category: Adjective


establishing, relating to, or deriving from a standard or norm, especially of behaviour

Example sentences:   Ramayana: Ravana’s actions were so reprehensible that they shocked even the demons for whom demonic actions were normative.  Mahabharata: The fateful gambling match hadn’t been played in the normative way: the dice hadn’t been cast by the person staking the money, Duryodhana, but by a professional gambler, Shakuni.  Bhagavad-gita: Krishna reminded Arjuna that


promoting or intended to promote an improvement or beneficial effect

Example sentences:   Ramayana: Maricha’s description of Rama’s power had a salutary effect on Ravana — he abandoned his plan to abduct Sita.    Mahabharata: How soothing and salutary were the words of the sages for the Pandavas who had been victimized by several and severe adversities.  Bhagavad-gita: Just as the Gita’s message had a salutary


of immense size, extent, or quantity

Example sentences:   Ramayana: Kumbharana was so gargantuan that the monkeys fell back in terror just by seeing him.   Mahabharata: The Kauravas made a gargantuan arrangement to keep Arjuna away from Jayadratha on the fourteenth day, but Krishna helped Arjuna succeed.  Bhagavad-gita: The sight of the gargantuan universal form filled Arjuna first with wonder and


dishonest, deceitful, duplicitous

Example sentences Ramayana: As demons were known to be disingenuous, Lakshmana suspected that the unusually attractive deer was an illusion created by the demons Mahabharata: When envious Duryodhana joined ranks with the disingenuous Shakuni, the Kauravas charged down a dark path that ended in their destruction.  Bhagavad-gita: Our mind can be disingenuous to the extreme,


uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

Example sentences Ramayana: Sita felt ambivalent: should she stay inside the Lakshmanarekha or should she step out to serve food to the sage? Mahabharata: Vidura had been ambivalent about his role in the Kurukshetra till Duryodhana’s vicious insult and Dhritarashthra’s grievous silence impelled him to leave. Bhagavad-gita: On seeing his venerable elders arrayed on the


having more than one possible meaning

Example sentences Ramayana: Though some found the sages’ words ambiguous, Rama found them profound, multi-layered and illuminating. Mahabharata: Yudhisthira’s words about Ashvatthama’s death were ambiguous because he didn’t want to speak an outright lie. Bhagavad-gita: Though some sections of the Bhagavad-gita are ambiguous, its conclusion is crystal-clear.


having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

Example sentences Ramayana: Because Ravana’s war conquests had made Lanka affluent beyond words, it came to be known as the kingdom of gold or the golden Lanka. Mahabharata: During the Rajasuya sacrifice, when Duryodhana saw how affluent the Pandavas had become, his envy reached a tipping point. Bhagavad-gita: Arjuna declared that even if he became