Archive for Category: Noun


a blank space or a missing part

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Ravana was vulnerable to humans and monkeys – this lacuna in the blessings he had received from the gods had now come back to haunt him. Mahabharata:  While in exile, Yudhishthira improved his gambling skills to fill the lacuna that Duryodhana had exploited in the past and was likely to try to


a period when something (such as a program or activity) is suspended or interrupted

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Although Rama was in exile, he didn’t consider that period as a hiatus from his royal responsibility of protecting the sages. Mahabharata:  Yudhisthira took the hiatus provided by the exile as an opportunity to increase his philosophical and spiritual knowledge by having deep, undistracted discussions with the forest sages. Bhagavad-gita:  The Bhagavad-gita


insincere or foolish talk, nonsense

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  When the sage Jabali advanced atheistic arguments, Rama used logic and scripture to expose those arguments to be bunkum. Mahabharata: Duryodhana’s claim that he had never done anything wrong was such bunkum that it is amazing he could even speak it, leave alone believe it. Bhagavad-gita: Once we start using Gita wisdom


wasteful spending of money or other resources

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Because Rama, Lakshmana and Sita had not been inclined to profligacy even while they had lived among royal comforts, they could adjust to the simplicity of forest life without much difficulty. Mahabharata:  Because the Pandavas were still technically in exile and they were anyway not given to profligacy, they kept the marriage


a policy of maintaining or increasing the power of a religious hierarchy

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Though Brahmanas are undoubtedly powerful and respected throughout the Ramayana’s landscape, there is no evidence of clericalism because the Brahmanas were organically serving at different places not organizationally sent to those places by any central authority. Mahabharata:  Shringi’s cursing of Arjuna’s grandson, Parikshit, is the major abuse of priestly power that has


a statement that, even if true, is boring and meaningless because of over-repetition

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  As the defeated Ravana ran back to Lanka with the small remnants of his vast army, he realized that the many warnings he had been given about Rama’s power hadn’t been bromides. Mahabharata:  Dhritarashtra’s message to Sanjaya through the Pandavas contained the usual bromides about avoiding bloodshed and violent conflicts among cousins,


the central supporting element of a whole

Example Sentences: Ramayana:  Sacrifice is the keystone of the teachings demonstrated by Rama and indeed by most of the heroic characters in the Ramayana. Mahabharata:  Although many warriors considered Arjuna the keystone of the Pandava army, Duryodhana was especially concerned about Bhima, for he had vowed to kill Duryodhana and all his brothers.  Bhagavad-gita:  


use of deception to achieve one’s purpose

Example Sentences: Ramayana: When Rama and Lakshmana came running to their cottage and found it empty, they both realized that the demons had used chicanery to abduct Sita. Mahabharata: Knowing that the Kauravas were not beyond using chicanery to win the war, Drishtadyumna declared that the Pandava forces would follow the codes of war as


foolish or insincere talk

Example Sentences: Ramayana: After having seen the power of one servant of Rama: Hanuman, the demons could no longer dismiss the stories describing Rama’s phenomenal power as malarkey. Mahabharata: Dhritarashtra’s speech about treating the Pandavas and Kauravas equally was exposed as malarkey when he gave the Pandavas the barren half of the kingdom. Bhagavad-gita: Once